Investment Philosophy

Active Strategies vs. Our Approach

Active Strategies

Attempts to pick “winning” stocks

Generates higher expenses, trading costs and risks

Relies on forecasting to select “undervalued” securities

Times markets

Our Approach

Passive strategy adding value by portfolio design


Structures (tilts) portfolios to emphasize areas of higher expected returns

Reduces volatility via Fixed Income

Active Strategies Have Low Odds of Success

Fraction of mutual funds that survived and beat their index for 15 years, ending December 31, 2018
Equity 18%
Fixed Income 15%

Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Survivors are funds that were still in existence as of December 31, 2019. Outperformers are survivors that beat their respective benchmarks over the period.  US-domiciled mutual fund data is from the CRSP Survivor-Bias-Free US Mutual Fund Database, provided by the Center for Research in Security Prices, University of Chicago. 

Investment Approach

Clients trust our transparent, consistent investment approach.


The market is an effective, information-processing machine.


Value can be added through portfolio construction.

Embrace Market Pricing

Millions of participants buy and sell securities in the world markets every day.

The new information buyers and sellers bring to the markets help set prices—and with each bit of new information, prices adjust accordingly.

If you do not believe that market prices are good estimates, you are pitting your knowledge or hunches against the combined knowledge of  thousands or millions of other market participants.

In US dollars. Source: Dimensional, using data from Bloomberg LP. Includes primary and secondary exchange trading volume globally for equities. ETFs and funds are excluded. Daily averages were computed by calculating the trading volume of each stock daily as the closing price multiplied by shares traded that day. All such trading volume is summed up and divided by 252 as an approximate number of annual trading days.


From Insights To Implementation


Our investment philosophy is based on the power of market prices and guided by theoretical and empirical research.

An integrated portfolio design process adds value at each step. Research can be applied throughout the process for an advanced understanding of all aspects of investing.


Decades of academic research and rigorous testing have identified areas in the market that have provided higher returns consistently such as: equities with low relative prices (value stocks) and/or relatively small market capitalization (small or mid-cap stocks).
Within well-diversified portfolios, we overweight these areas of higher expected return potential.


We construct portfolios to purse higher expected returns through a low-cost, well-diversified portfolio.